UPDATE CORONA di Dunia Senin 13 Juli 2020, Kasus Global Capai 13 Juta, India 879 Ribu Pasien Positif – TribunJatim.com

Kasus Covid-19 di seluruh dunia hari ini per Senin (13/07/2020) yakni mencapai 13.057.543 kasus.

Senin, 13 Juli 2020 17:17

SHUTTERSTOCK

Update virus Corona di dunia, Senin 13 Juli 2020. 

TRIBUNJATIM.COM – Berdasarkan update terbaru virus corona, kasus Covid-19 di dunia mengalami penambahan pada Senin, 13 Juli 2020.

Pandemi Corona hingga kini masih belum berakhir dan makin bertambah dari hari ke hari.

Dilansir oleh worldometers.info pukul 17.00 WIB kasus Covid-19 di seluruh dunia hari ini per Senin (13/07/2020) yakni mencapai 13.057.543 kasus.

Dari jumlah tersebut terdiri dari 571.976 orang meninggal dunia dan 7.604.159 pasien telah sembuh.

Ada 4.881.408 kasus aktif atau pasien dalam perawatan yang tersebar di berbagai negara.

Sebaran Virus Corona di 34 Provinsi Indonesia, Senin 13 Juli 2020, Jawa Timur Tambah 219 Kasus Baru

Update kasus Corona dunia Senin (13/07/2020) (worldometers.info)
Update kasus Corona dunia Senin (13/07/2020) (worldometers.info) ()

Kasus tersebut tersebar di berbagai negara di belahan dunia, dengan peringkat 10 besar sebagai berikut.

1. Amerika Serikat

Jumlah kasus Covid-19 = 3.413.995 kasus.
Meninggal dunia = 137.782 orang.
Sembuh = 1.517.084 orang.

Amerika Serikat masih menempati peringkat pertama dengan jumlah kasus virus Corona terbanyak.

Per hari ini kasus Covid-19 aktif di USA sebanyak 1.759.129 kasus.

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    BERITA TERKINI

    New US health crisis looms as patients without Covid-19 delay care – The Straits Times

    SACRAMENTO (REUTERS) – A Texas man who waited until his brain tumour was softball-sized; a baby who suffered an ear infection for six days; a heart patient who died: The resurgence of Covid-19 is creating another health crisis as hospitals fill and patients are fearful or unable to get non-emergency care.

    With US coronavirus infections reaching new heights, doctors and hospitals say they are also seeing sharp declines in patients seeking routine medical care and screenings – and a rise in those who have delayed care for so long they are far sicker than they otherwise would be.

    “I had one lady who had delayed for five days coming in with abdominal pain that was getting worse and worse,” said Dr Diana Fite, who practises emergency medicine in Houston. “When she finally came in, she had a ruptured appendix.”

    After the pandemic was declared a national emergency in March, many states banned non-essential medical procedures, and the number of patients seeking care for other ailments took a nosedive. Hospitals and medical practices were hit hard financially.

    Emergency department use dropped by 42 per cent during the first 10 weeks of the pandemic despite a rise in patients presenting with symptoms of the coronavirus, data from the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention show. In the same period, patients seeking care for heart attacks dropped by 23 per cent and stroke care by 20 per cent.

    As the initial outbreak levelled off in the weeks that followed, healthcare experts planned to handle primary care differently should infections rise again, making sure minor procedures like cancer screenings were still allowed and assuring patients that hospitals and clinics were safe.

    But the recent surge in cases has swamped hospitals in many states, including Texas, Arizona, Florida and parts of California.

    CANCER MORTALITY RATES

    Texas has again banned many non-emergency procedures, though cancer surgeries are still allowed, and a hospital in California’s San Joaquin Valley for several days admitted only Covid-19 patients.

    Patients without Covid-19 – either out of fear, confusion or because of difficulty in obtaining the care they need – are again staying home.

    The result is a healthcare crisis in the making, said Austin oncologist Debra Patt, who said she expects mortality rates from cancer to skyrocket in the years after the pandemic because patients have delayed their care.

    “They’re scared to go in the hospital unless they absolutely have to,” said Dr Patt. “And even when the patients are willing, it’s hard to get things done.”

    Dr Patt in recent days treated a man who waited to come in for headaches and dizziness until he had lost 16kg and had a softball-sized tumour in his head.

    Dr Fite, who is president of the Texas Medical Association, cared for a baby whose parents waited six days before bringing him in with a severe ear infection.

    Dr Patt said screening mammograms are down by 90 per cent in Austin, where she specialises in breast cancer and serves as executive vice-president of Texas Oncology. That means some tumours will be missed, and women who develop aggressive cancers might not know about it until the disease is more advanced and more likely to be deadly.

    “It’s an impact we will see on cancer survival for years to come,” she said.

    Dr David Fleeger, a colorectal surgeon in Austin and a past president of the Texas Medical Association, said he has had numerous patients cancel colonoscopies in recent days.

    “The delays in colonoscopies that are occurring right now ultimately will lead to more cancers and more deaths,” he said.

    ‘IN A HOLDING PATTERN’

    Dr Patt’s patient, Ms Helen Knost, had to put off surgery for breast cancer in early spring because it was considered non-emergency in Texas and barred at the time, and she was treated instead with the medication Tamoxifen.

    “It’s very strange to know you have cancer and you’re just hanging out with it, just in a holding pattern,” said Ms Knost, who did ultimately undergo successful surgery.

    In California, doctors at the 150-bed Adventist Lodi Memorial Hospital in the San Joaquin Valley breadbasket were determined that a second surge in coronavirus cases would not bring a repeat of the pandemic’s early days, when emergency room visits dropped in half. Emergency medical technicians also reported a 45 per cent rise in the number of heart patients who died before they could be brought to the hospital.

    Hospital CEO Daniel Wolcott led a campaign to inform the community that the medical centre was open and safe, even speaking to people about it in the grocery store.

    But with new Covid-19 cases swamping the hospital, sickening nearly 30 staff members and forcing it to divert non-coronavirus cases to other facilities for several days, Mr Wolcott fears that again patients with heart conditions and other illnesses will stay away.

    “We won’t know for years how many people lost their lives or lost good years of their lives for fear of coronavirus,” he said.

    Brain signature could help to diagnose schizophrenia – Tech Explorist

    Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disease strongly determined by genetics. However, no strong genetic correlates have been found yet.

    The disorder rather stems from many different DNA mutations, duplications, and deletions that cause the developing brain to go awry. Hence, predicting who’s at risk of developing schizophrenia is no simple task.

    For this reason, endophenotypes are of significant interest. Endophenotypes are associated with the illness, state-independent, co-segregate within families, and found in unaffected relatives of individuals with the disorder at a higher prevalence than in the general population.

    Co-senior author Michael Herzog, head of the Psychophysics Laboratory at EPFL School of Life Sciences, said, “Because genetic studies yield slow clues into dozens of genes associated with schizophrenia, the disorder should be dissected into measurable traits found in both individuals with schizophrenia and unaffected members of their families. These quantifiable traits, called endophenotypes, connect the symptoms of a disorder to the underlying genetic risk factors.”

    Scientists started looking for endophenotypes of schizophrenia by analyzing the brain patterns of 101 people with schizophrenia, 43 of their unaffected siblings, and 75 healthy individuals who reported no family history of schizophrenia.

    Scientists scanned participant’s brains using resting-state electroencephalography (EEG). This non-invasive technique measures the brain’s electrical activity via electrodes attached to the scalp of individuals as they relax and sit still for about five minutes.

    Once collecting EEG data, scientists tracked specific patterns of neuronal activity that have been described as the building blocks of cognition and emotion. Dubbed “EEG microstates,” these patterns last between 60 and 120 milliseconds and arise when specific brain areas activate together.

    Unlike the previous study that shows individuals with schizophrenia have abnormal EEG microstates, this study has shown that unaffected siblings share the same abnormalities in these brain patterns.

    In particular, scientists found a specific type of microstate, called class C, occurred more frequently and for longer durations in individuals with schizophrenia and their siblings than it did in healthy people. Other brain activity patterns, known as microstate class D, occurred less frequently and for shorter amounts of time in those with schizophrenia and their siblings than in healthy individuals.

    Also, Ramos da Cruz said, “What’s more, people who had just experienced their first episode of psychosis showed the same anomalous patterns of brain activity as those who had been suffering from schizophrenia for years. This suggests that these microstate abnormalities occur right at the beginning of the disease.”

    “The team also found that a third type of microstate, called class B, occurred more frequently and for longer periods in siblings than in individuals with schizophrenia. This might explain why healthy siblings do not show schizophrenia-related behaviors, despite sharing the same brain ‘signature’ as people with the disorder. This could be a protection mechanism that prevents the imbalance in microstates class C and D from creating functional problems.”

    “How the alterations in EEG microstates affect brain function is still unclear. But for diagnostic purposes, you don’t need to know that. Looking for abnormal patterns in brain waves could be one component of a screening battery for schizophrenia, and it could help to detect who is susceptible to the disorder before clinical symptoms develop.”

    Herzog said“In the future, EEG microstates could even inform treatment and prevention strategies for this neuropsychiatric disorder. Knowing how the microstates contribute to schizophrenia could lead to personalized treatments using techniques that modulate brain activity patterns. If we can improve even just the symptoms by a small factor, that would still be a major relief for the patients.”

    Journal Reference:
    1. Janir Ramos da Cruz, Ophélie Favrod, Maya Roinishvili, Eka Chkonia, Andreas Brand, Christine Mohr, Patrícia Figueiredo & Michael H. Herzog. EEG microstates are a candidate endophenotype for schizophrenia. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-16914-1

    Coronavirus immunity may only last a few months – according to new study – Irish Post

    PATIENTS who have recovered from coronavirus may only be immune to the disease for a matter of months, according to a new study.

    Recent research carried out by King’s College London suggests that following infection from Covid-19, immunity antibody numbers decrease significantly after three months, leaving patients susceptible to reinfection.

    The study, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, likens the inability to establish immunity to the way the human body is unable to establish immunity to the common cold.

    In what is believed to be the first longitudinal study of its kind, researchers looked into the immune response of 90 patients and healthcare workers at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust.

    While the analysis revealed a “potent” level of antibodies could be found in 60% of participants while at the peak of their battle with coronavirus, sequential blood tests showed only 17% sustained that same level of potency three months later.

    Antibodies decreased 23-fold in some cases, and were depleted entirely in others.

    The report states that its findings have “important implications when considering widespread (antibody) testing, (antibody) protection against re-infection with (Covid 19) and the durability of vaccine protection.”

    It added: “Further studies using sequential samples from these individuals is required to fully determine the longevity of the (antibody) response and studies determining the (antibodies’) threshold for protection from re-infection are needed.”

    Incerteza sobre isolamento social traz impactos para a saúde mental – Jornal O Globo

    RIO — Municípios de Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Pernambuco e também o Distrito Federal precisaram recuar em seus processos de reabertura após observar que a liberação de serviços não essenciais gerou aglomerações. Especialistas apontam, com preocupação, a possibilidade de um novo endurecimento das medidas de distanciamento, caso os números de contaminações e óbitos pela Covid-19 subam nas próximas semanas.

    ‘FOGO’: Entenda o que é a sigla para ‘Fear of Going Out’, a síndrome do medo de sair às ruas durante a pandemia

    A necessidade de voltar atrás não aconteceu só no Brasil, que passou de 72 mil mortos pela Covid-19 no último domingo, mas em outros países, como China e Estados Unidos. O processo de abre e fecha pode causar ainda mais confusão entre as pessoas, que já estão sofrendo os impactos mentais de viverem sob confinamento por quatro meses.

    Quarentena: Casos de abusos à trabalhadora doméstica crescem durante pandemia da Covid-19

    Até ontem, o país contava 1.866.176 infectados e 72.151 mortos pelo coronavírus, segundo levantamento do consórcio de veículos de imprensa formado por O GLOBO, Extra, G1, Folha de S.Paulo, UOL e O Estado de S. Paulo.

    Brasil: País passa de 72 mil mortes por Covid-19, aponta consórcio de veículos da imprensa em boletim das 20h

    Estudos realizados no Brasil e em várias partes do mundo indicam o aumento do nível de ansiedade como o principal efeito sobre a saúde mental causado pela quarentena. Uma linha telefônica de emergência para pessoas em sofrimento emocional registrou aumento de mais de 1.000% em abril em comparação ao mesmo período do ano passado, nos EUA, segundo o Washington Post.

    Covid-19: Voltar a velhos hábitos como ir ao cinema e restaurantes ou malhar na academia pode levar até um ano

    — Toda situação nova representa um tipo de estresse. No início da pandemia, tudo era muito novo, as incertezas eram maiores. A falta de adaptação é o que leva a transtornos mentais, a esse excesso de ansiedade. Existe também a questão das diferenças individuais, algumas pessoas sofrem muito, e outras não sofrem nada. As pessoas que têm uma capacidade maior de se ajustar a novas situações provavelmente vão sofrer menos os impactos mentais da pandemia — afirma Deborah Suchecki, professora do departamento de Psicobiologia da Unifesp.

    Falta de coordenação

    Especialistas em saúde mental ouvidos pelo GLOBO foram unânimes em apontar a falta de uma coordenação nacional de combate ao novo coronavírus como um dos principais motivos que levaram as pessoas a se sentirem confusas com a possibilidade de reabertura.

    No Brasil, cada estado e município pode decidir como combater a pandemia. A falta de uma diretriz federal fez com que regiões entrassem e saíssem da quarentena em momentos diferentes. As recomendações de saúde, muitas vezes contraditórias, criam ainda mais incertezas.

    — Informações conflitantes podem gerar um estado de desamparo nas pessoas, fazendo com que não confiem mais nas notícias oficiais. Isso é algo que prejudica muito a orientação da população. Se existisse um processo mais ordenado de comunicação do governo, provavelmente as pessoas teriam mais segurança ao buscar informações para orientar seus próprios comportamentos e suas medidas de proteção. Essa descoordenação pode ter impacto no aumento eventual de ansiedade, principalmente por conta da incerteza em relação ao enfrentamento da doença no retorno às atividades normais — pondera Ronaldo Pilati, professor de Psicologia Social da UnB.

    Pior para os mais jovens

    Priscila Correia, de 37 anos, conta estar angustiada e por vezes confusa com a reabertura. Ela está dentro de casa há mais de cem dias e sente medo de sair por causa dos filhos e da avó, de 93 anos.

    Já Fabiano Barcellos, de 40 anos, diz ser ansioso e “muito da rua”. Sua rotina de contato com muitas pessoas foi freada pela pandemia. Apesar de afirmar que neste período de isolamento aprendeu a lidar um pouco com a ansiedade e a impaciência, continua incomodado por não saber quando a reclusão vai terminar.

    — O maior problema do ansioso é não saber quando isso terá fim.

    O possível retorno às aulas presenciais dos filhos é o que tem preocupado Aline Borba, de 41 anos. Mãe de Ana Carolina, 10, estudante do 6º ano, e de Matheus, 14, aluno do 9º ano, ela não sabe o que vai fazer quando o colégio deles reabrir: como o primogênito tem diabetes do tipo 1, faz parte do grupo de risco da Covid-19.

    — Eu estou apavorada com a reabertura das escolas. Meu filho não quer voltar a estudar presencialmente durante a pandemia de jeito nenhum. Ele está com tanto medo que nem do quarto sai direito. Já Ana Carolina está com medo de voltar às aulas, porém sofrendo muito com esse isolamento. Diz que sente falta das pessoas e do contato humano, e que a situação está fazendo muito mal a ela, não vê a hora de tudo isso acabar.


    Dúvidas: 
    Especialistas respondem sobre riscos e cuidados na volta às aulas

    De acordo com Guilherme Polanczyk, professor de psiquiatria da infância e adolescência da Faculdade de Medicina da USP, é esperado que as pessoas mais jovens tenham mais dificuldade de lidar com uma situação de isolamento social.

    — Há crianças que não estão se importando com a situação, mas temos aquelas que estão preocupadas. Essa perspectiva de sair, de começar de novo as aulas, de estar num grupo social novamente, de enfrentar o mundo lá fora, de correr o risco da contaminação, gera ansiedade para eles. Mesmo ainda não tendo saído de casa, só a perspectiva de (sair) já gera ansiedade. Outra coisa é que não sabemos como as escolas vão lidar com toda essa situação, o que também deixa os pais ansiosos — afirma o médico, que desenvolve uma pesquisa para avaliar a saúde mental de crianças e adolescentes durante a pandemia.

    Para amenizar os níveis de estresse e ansiedade, Suchecki sugere que as pessoas busquem alguma maneira de relaxar e que a massagem, neste caso, pode ser uma boa opção. Até mesmo quem está enfrentando sozinho a quarentena pode se automassagear, pressionando áreas do corpo como ombros, pescoço e braços.

    — Quando recebemos um abraço, o corpo libera um hormônio chamado ocitocina, que atua reduzindo a atividade de uma estrutura no cérebro que é reativa a emoções negativas, chamada de amígdala cerebelosa. A ocitocina é liberada com o toque, então, a automassagem pode ajudar muito no controle da ansiedade.

    Penjelasan Ilmuwan Tentang Bagaimana Proses Virus Corona Menginfeksi Orang Tanpa Gelaja – Tribun Jogja

    TRIBUNJOGJA.COM -Pandemi Virus Corona (COVID-19) hingga kini masih dihadapi dunia, termasuk Indonesia.

    Dan dari kasus penambahan COVID-19 yang belakangan masih saja bertambah, pemerintah mengungkap banyak kasus baru COVID-19 dengan kasus Orang Tanpa Gejala (OTG) .

    Lalu yang menjadi pertanyaan, bagaimana Virus Corona (COVID-19) bisa menginfeksi seseorang tapi tanpa gejala?

    Ilustrasi
    Ilustrasi (Shutterstock)

    Menurut temuan ilmuwan, Virus Corona kemungkinan menghasilkan partikel “dummy” yang cacat, dan dapat menyebabkan beberapa orang tanpa gejala ( OTG) positif terhadap patogen.

    Menurut ilmuwan China, seperti dilansir dari South China Morning Post (SCMP), Senin (13/7/2020), sekitar 20 persen dari pasien yang terinfeksi Virus Corona tidak menunjukkan gejala sakit.

    Bahkan, beberapa peneliti khawatir bahwa ‘silent spreaders’ atau penyebar diam ini dapat menabur benih COVID-19 di seluruh dunia.

    Dalam satu kasus, seorang pasien di kota Chongqing, China barat daya, dinyatakan positif selama dirawat di rumah sakit selama 45 hari tanpa ada gejala penyakit ini.

    Tidak diketahui mengapa beberapa orang tidak menunjukkan gejala, tetapi penelitian baru menunjukkan kasus-kasus ini tidak perlu menjadi perhatian besar.

    Partikel virus tidak beraturan Dalam makalah non-peer-review yang diunggah di situs jurnal pracetak bioRxiv.org pada 9 Juli lalu, para peneliti yang dipimpin Profesor Li Lanjuan dari State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases di Zhejiang University menemukan sel yang terinfeksi virus melepaskan sejumlah besar partikel yang tidak diketahui.

    Ilustrasi mutasi Virus Corona
    Ilustrasi mutasi Virus Corona (SHUTTERSTOCK/Polina Tomtosova)

    Partikel-partikel tersebut memiliki gen Virus Corona baru, SARS-CoV-2, namun tidak lengkap dan tidak terbungkus dalam membran pelindung.

    Aktor Bollywood Amitabh Bachchan, Putranya Abhishek Bachchan dan Airshwarya Rai Positif Virus Corona